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China’s Shenzhen is using big data to become a smart ‘socialist model city’


Beijing tells southern technology centre to use ‘best modern governance practices that promote high quality and sustainable development’China will be the ‘world’s first modern powerhouse not built on the road of capitalism’, head of national economic planning agency says

北京要求南方技術中心采用“促進高質量和可持續發展的最佳現代治理實踐”國家經濟規劃署(national economic planning agency)負責人表示,中國將成為“世界上第一個不走資本主義道路的現代化強國”中國會成為“世界上第一個沒有建立在資本主義道路上的現代強國”嗎?插圖:劉健

Shenzhen is experimenting with a “party and technology” development model as it aims to become a “socialist model city”.


“We [China] will be the world’s first modern powerhouse not built on the road of capitalism, but by practising socialism with Chinese characteristics. The leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics.”

“我們(中國)將成為世界上第一個不是建立在資本主義道路上,而是通過實踐中國特色社會主義的現代強國。中國GCD的領導是中國特色社會主義的最根本特征?!?br />

Xie Maosong, a professor at the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said it was Shenzhen’s pioneering role that had made such a pilot experiment important.


“Being a socialist pilot demonstration zone, the governance models that have proven successful in Shenzhen will be replicated in other Chinese cities,” he said.

他說:“作為社會主義試點示范區,在深圳證明成功的治理模式將在中國其他城市復制?!?br />
“That is why watching Shenzhen’s public administration and other developments will give you a very good idea of what China’s governance model will look like in the next few years.”

“這就是為什么觀察深圳的公共行政和其他事態發展會為您提供一個很好的主意,以了解中國的未來治理模式將是什么樣子?!?br />

“This is one of our most concrete answers to the leadership’s call to modernise our governance system and capability.”

“這是我們對領導層要求我們實現治理體系和能力現代化的最具體回應之一?!?br />
Shenzhen established a Government Services and Data Management Bureau to handle big data collection and analysis in February, he said.


As well as data sets covering populations and the economy, the official said Shenzhen had also built “thematic databases” that could empower officials who handled social disputes and public grievances.


As part of the city’s plan, Shenzhen also launched its “Weaving Net Project” in 2013 under which it divided the city into thousands of data zones and designated an “information collector” to each zone.


The system also uses 2 million surveillance cameras dotted about the city.


Li Shihua, head of the video division of the city’s public security bureau, said at a forum in August that big data and video analysis were widely used.


“The biggest difference between Hong Kong and Shenzhen is the mindset,” he said. “We are constantly looking for more efficient and advanced ways to run and govern the city, while Hong Kong believes in its ‘small government, non-interventionist’ approach.”

他說:“香港和深圳之間最大的區別是思維方式?!?“我們一直在尋找更高效,更先進的方式來運行和管理這座城市,而香港則相信其''小政府,不干預主義''的做法?!?br />
Chen Dongping, president of the Shenzhen Institute of Smart City and Big Data, said Shenzhen could benefit from smart governance as it had a large population but only a small number of civil servants.


“In 1979, Shenzhen’s population was 310,000, but by September this year, our system has already recorded 22.89 million population data sets,” he said.

他說:“1979年,深圳的人口是31萬,但到今年9月,我們的系統已經記錄了2289萬個人口數據集?!?br />

Hu Xiaoqing, deputy director of Shenzhen’s economic trade and information technology commission, said in an article by local newspaper Nanfang Daily in September that the government’s data platforms had accumulated more than 22.1 billion pieces of data about 20 million people, 3.6 million companies and 14 million properties.


Shenzhen’s e-government reforms had also helped the government to review its approval processes and streamlining of its organisational structure, Chen said.


“The process of simplifying government approvals was a trigger for the government to carry out the restructuring reform. By the same token, this is going to be the same path that we are taking in building a smart city.”

“簡化政府審批的過程觸發了政府進行重組改革。同樣,這將與我們建設智慧城市的道路相同?!?br />